In today’s computing landscape, cyber security is a priority for organizations considering how security threats are evolving from small to large. Cyber security refers to processes or techniques designed to protect computer systems, programs, networks and data from attack, damage and unauthorized access. It is also referred to as information technology security. The main aim of cyber security is to limit risk and protect IT assets from exploitation. Organizations gather, process, and store unparalleled quantities of data on computers and other devices. A substantial portion of the data may be sensitive information, whether that be rational property, personal information, financial data or any other kind of data for which illegal access or disclosure could have dire consequences. Cyber security prevents illegal access of data, ransomware attacks, identity theft and helps in management of risks. An organization with a strong intelligence in network security stands a high chance to prevent and lessen cyber-attacks. Cyber-attacks may be in different forms such as: Malware – This is any program or file that is harmful to a computer user. Ransomware -This is a subset of malware in which the data on a victim’s computer is locked, typically by encryption. Social engineering -This is an attack that relies heavily on human interaction and often involves manipulating users into violating security measures to gain delicate information that is usually protected. Phishing –This is a form of scam in which an attacker pretends to be an honest entity or person in email with an intention to steal sensitive data. Hackers can gain access to computers or network servers to deliver a malicious outcome through a path called threat vector. Some of the threat vectors include: USB sticks, websites infected by virus, unsupported browser extensions, other portable storage devices, online quizzes and orphan accounts. Cyber security is continually challenged by hackers, risk management, data loss and privacy. Moreover, with a high number of loop holes for threats more strategies for securing data and network systems are underway. New strategies in machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) are being developed to help security experts to organize and manage data. AI and machine learning may help organizations with high volume data.
Nicole Amondi, Business Development Manager,Waveplanet